SEVEN HILLS DENTAL
Family, Orthodontic & Implant Dentistry
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease, which is also known as gum disease and periodontitis, is a progressive disease which, if left untreated, may result in tooth loss. Gum disease begins with the inflammation and irritation of the gingival tissues which surround and support the teeth. The cause of this inflammation is the toxins found in plaque which cause an ongoing bacterial infection.
The bacterial infection colonizes in the gingival tissue, and deep pockets form between the teeth and the gums. If treated promptly by a periodontist, the effects of mild inflammation (known as gingivitis) are completely reversible. However, if the bacterial infection is allowed to progress, periodontal disease begins to destroy the gums and the underlying jawbone, promoting tooth loss. In some cases, the bacteria from this infection can travel to other areas of the body via the bloodstream.
Common Causes of Gum Disease
There are genetic and environmental factors involved in the onset of gum disease, but many people can take preventative measures to lower their risk.
Here are some of the most common causes of gum disease:
Treatment of Gum Disease
A periodontist can perform effective cleaning procedures in deep pockets such as scaling and root planing; they also prescribe antibiotic medications to treat gum infection.
In the case of tooth loss, a periodontist is able to perform tissue grafts and insert dental implants if necessary. Where gum recession causes an uneven smile due in part from too much "toothy" gingival tissue being recontoured for aesthetic purposes by using surgery or other procedures on these areas so that patient can have even teeth all over their face with natural looking colors instead having just white appearing where there should be color!
Addressing the causes of gum disease and discussing them with your dentist will help prevent periodontal disease. If you want to preserve your natural dentition, it's important that we work together.